Manmohan Singh baveja Ji of Australia..who writes…
Akal Takhat and its authority
Posted by: “bavejamsingh”
Mon Dec 7, 2009 1:20 am (PST)
A few months ago, I posted a question …… as to how did or from where did
Akal Takhat derivie
Not a single person was able to reply.
I am posing that question again. Unless we can establish that,Jathedar of
Akal Takhat has the absolute authority to give unilateral ruling on all Sikh
affairs, anything Akal Takhat Jathedar says or dictates is irrelevent.
Akal Takhat had no authority from Guru Sahiban. In fact there was no Akal
Takhat in Guru Sahiban’s time. Sixth Guru Sahib started sitting on a
platform opposite Sri Harmander Sahib and declared that as his Takhat or
seat of power to challenge Mogul empire and from there he held his court,
recieve Sangat and declare his plans. No other Guru Sahiban ever visited
that place. For a long time, it was called Akal Bunga – not Akal Takhat.
There is no historical evidence of its being callled Akal Takhat, initially.
Earliest reference is of Maharaja Ranjit Singh arranging an appearance
before Sarabat Khalsa held at Akal Bunga, where he was given a token Tankha,for violation of Sikh code of conduct by marrying his court dancer.
After Sri Guru Hargobind jee, it was under control of Moguls, until Khalsa
attacked and took control. Later, the place was under control of Mahnats,
until SGPC was established after Nakana Sahib Saka, when many Sikhs were
brutely murdered there, as they went to protest against Mahant’s bad deeds.
Sikhs got control only around 1925, after passing of Gurdwara Act, which
authorised Sikhs to form SGPC by electing the management committee by
voting. It is only after that some actitivities started to create a central authority to rule on Sikh affairs, as Sikhs were fragmanted in various
Then, the four Gurdwaras were declared as Takhats by Sarbat Khalsa and it
was decided to make all Panthic decisions by joint decisions of 4 Jathedars,
to be announced from Akal Takhat, due to importance of Darbar Sahib and
SGPC, being a legal Sikh organisation.
Initially, the Jathedar of Akal Takhat was appointed by consultation of all
major Sikh organisations, Sants and Deras, for uniersal acceptance and
announced by Sarbat Khalsa,
Somehow, in recent past,Akal Dal politicians controling SGPC, started
appointing their own person as Jathedar of Akal Takhat. Later, SGPC even
unilaterly declared Dum Dama Sahib a 5th. Takhat, without consulting other
Jathedars out of Punjab and without even consulting Sikhs at large. The idea
was to have majority of Jathedars 3 out of total 5, under control of SGPC,
which was in turn under control of Akal Dal politicians.
Later, SGPC even starting ignoring other two Jathedars – Patna Sahib and
Hazoor Sahib and started making decisions by three Jathedars of Punjab and
two head granthis of Harmandar Sahib and Akal Takhat.
This, in itself is absolutely irregular, as never did any authority vest with these three employed Jathdedars of SGPC and two Head Granthis. They have not even invited other two Jathedars of Takhat Patna Sahib and Hozoor Sahib. Five paid employees, controled by politically appointed SGPC management, have not authority over Sikh Panth at all, other than run the Gurdwaras under SGPC.
Thus, it is time to STOP the wrought and chalange the very base of such
decision making and suxh annoncement by employees of SGPC.
SGPC is an organisation formed under Act of Indian parliament and is only
authorised to manage Gurdwaras in Punjab, as it was after 1947 partition.
I suggest, Singh Sahib Bhai Darshan Singh and Sarna jee to lodge a complaint
with Judicial commission, which overseas SGPC and also file a suite in
Indian courts of law to restrain, such unauthorised bullying by politicians,
who control SGPC.
This is flagrant abuse of trust and respect, Sikhs have been giving to Akal
Takhat, and it is time to define the system, to prevent further abuse.